Total Hip Replacement Bangalore

Total Hip Replacement

WHAT IS TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT?

Total hip replacement or total hip joint arthroplasty is a corrective procedure to replace the old worn out or damaged hip joint with an artificial joint or prosthesis.

Symptoms – Hip Joint Replacement
  • Severe pain due to arthritis
  • Hip fracture
  • Hip diseases.

Due to advancement of surgical techniques and technologies hip replacement surgery is the most effective successful operations in all the medicine. Total of half a million hip replacement surgeries are performed in the world every year. They is no specific age or weight restrictions for the performance of surgery.

TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT PROCEDURE

The damaged cartilage and the Bone is removed and it’s replaced with an prosthetic/artificial component.

  • The femoral head which is damaged is surgically removed and it is replaced with a metal stem then it is cemented or press-fit into the bone.
  • Then a metal or ceramic ball is placed on the upper part of the stem which acts as the femoral head.
  • The acetabulum (the cartilage surface of the socket) is removed and replaced by the metal socket. Then to hold it screws or cements are uses.
  • Finally for the smooth gliding surface a spacer made up of plastic, ceramic or metal is inserted between the ball and the socket.

Recovery

The successful surgery mainly depends on how well you follow your surgeon’s instructions regarding the post-operative home care. Most patients who undergo hip replacement surgery are the age group of 50 -80 a complete recovery is possible in all age group.

Pain Management

Using opioids, NDAIDs’, acetaminophen and local anesthesia your pAin is managed well after the surgery, your doctor may combine some of these medication to relive the post operative pain.

Wound Care

The closure of the wound will be done mostly by using stitches or the staples which will be removed approximately 2 weeks after your surgery. The common wound care is advised by your surgeon is to not getting your wound wet and covering it with bandages or supportive stockings.

Diet/Activity

Drinking plenty of fluids and a well-balanced diet after surgery with iron supplements is needed to promote proper tissue healing and restoration of the muscle health.

Specific exercises advised by the physiotherapist should be performed several times a day for the first few weeks. Initially walking program should be started at home later outside, Then after 3-6 weeks resuming other normal house hold activities such as sitting standing and climbing stairs and moving without help can be initiated.

Possible Complications

The rate of complication are very rare which accounts of only 2 % in all hip replacements. Major complications such as infection or blood clots, dislocation, nerve or blood vessel injury are rare and if occurs the surgeon identifies and manages them promptly.

After Care

Continue monitoring your health even after the hip replacement to extend the life of your hip implant

  • Regular light exercise program to maintain the strength and mobility of your hip
  • Precautions should be taken in order to reduce falls and injuries
  • Make sure you inform other doctors that you have an hip implant before they prescribe you with antibiotics therapy
  • Periodically visiting your orthopaedic surgeon for the follow up even if you seems to be doing fine