Total Knee Replacement in Bangalore

Total Knee Replacement

WHAT IS TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT ?

A surgical procedure by which a diseased knee joint is replaced by the artificial material is called total knee replacement. Knee joint is the hinge joint which is continuously in motion, so the wear and tear is common which leads to pain and disability.

Knee Replacement is also called as Knee Arthroplasty :Arthro -joints, Plasty -repair, were the weight bearing surface of the knee is replaced with metal and plastic components which is shaped and designed to allow continued motion of the knee.

Indication for the total knee replacement, The patients who are suffering from

  • Osteoarthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Psoriatic arthritis
  • Knee trauma
  • Severe knee pain and stiffness that limits the activities of knee
  • Failure is other treatments to relieve pain.

Technique – Knee Joint Replacement

Due to increase in recent technology and robotic assistant knee replacement is accurately navigated and replaced by the surgeon with minimum complications.

Procedure – Knee Joint Replacement in Bangalore

  1. Preparing the bone- small amount of the ends of tibia and Femur are surgically removed along with the damaged cartilage of the knee.
  2. Metal implant positioning- metal components are used to replace the removed cartilage and bone which recreates the joint surface. These metal parts may be cemented or its press- fit into the bone.
  3. Resurface the patella- the knee cap (patella) is cut and resurfaced with the plastic button. Some surgeons prefer to do and some not.
  4. Insert a spacer – a medically graded spacer made up of plastic is inserted between the metal component to create a smooth gliding surface and flexible movement of knee joint.
Management

Pain management after the surgery is an important aspect here your surgeon will work to reduce pain post-operative so that you might have faster recovery. Use it opioids and NSAIDs with some local anesthetic are common

Risk and complication

Complications and risk are very rare as 2% in all surgical procedures. The most common one is infection of the joint, deep vein thrombosis, nerve injury, persistent pain and stiffness and prosthetic failure are some of the other complications which can be managed promptly by your surgeon

Post-operative Rehabilitation

The length of stay at the hospital will be only 5-7 days depending on your health status. Weight bearing crutches or walkers are specified by your surgeon. Pain management with physical therapy are important aspect in your recovery.