Trauma Care Bangalore

Trauma

Trauma:

It is a serious physical injury to the body which is life threatening. Trauma is most distressing or disturbing even that overwhelms and individual’s ability to cope up with it and in trauma causes the feeling of helplessness.

Classification

  • Blunt force trauma – it occurs when an objects forcibly strikes the body causing deep cuts, concussion or broken bones, which occur from falls and motor vehicle collision.
  • Penetrating trauma – it occurs when an object pierces the skin or body creating an open wound usually seen in gunshot wound.

 

The researchers have concluded that wound cleaning, infection control, fluid replacement and nutrition support after the trauma is the key for the survival.

Pathophysiology

Human responses to trauma both systemically and locally, various organs react systematically to save major organs of the body such as the brain and hear, in this process other organs are depleted with the blood supply so a prompt management in the hospital set us an important aspect in saving a traumatized patient.

Diagnosis

Once the traumatized patient is received by the hospital the initial assessment by physical examination is done to determine the extent of injury and to identify the life threatening situation.

The imaging test commonly known as FAST (focused assessment with sonography for trauma) is used to check any internal bleeding; other methods such as CT scan, pan scans are useful in determining the survival rate

Trauma Management

Pre Hospital Set Up

Using of stabilizing techniques improves the chances of a person’s survival rate, initially the airway, breathing and circulation is managed by the emergency medical services then they will determine the next step to transfer the patient to the trauma center.

Hospital Set Up

All the health care specialties such as physician nurses, respiratory therapist and social workers are combined to manage the trauma patient. The patient is stabilized after the immediate life threats are managed and then the patient is moved to operating room for surgical correction or for detailed head to toe examination

As a result of blunt or penetrating trauma the fluid loss is maximum in form of blood so high volume of intravenous fluids are administered to maintain the normal vitals and to stabilized the patient

Other management by your physician using medication and surgical methods to save the patient from traumatic injuries.